Many people have come across a papillomavirus, at the moment of activation of which papillomatosis of the larynx and other internal organs occurs. The disease is expressed in the form of papillomas. Almost every person on the globe is a carrier of this virus. Carrying a virus does not cause discomfort to a person, as it proceeds without symptoms and does not pose a danger to others. Few papillomas can occur not only on the skin areas, but also on the mucous membrane of any internal organ.
A qualified doctor at the time of consultation can easily tell whether papilloma is dangerous in the throat or larynx. The doctor’s actions with the patient are dependent on the subspecies of the pathogen of the pathology and on the presence of oncogenic signs in the patient. Find out whether you have a throat papilloma and what you should do to get rid of it successfully.
- How Do Throat Papillomas Look Like?
- What Are the Causes of Throat Papilloma?
- Types of Papillomas of the Throat
- What Are the Papilloma Throat Symptoms?
- Diagnosis and the Treatment of Papillomatosis of Throat
- Throat Papillomas in Babies and Ways of Their Treatment
Such growths as papillomas in the throat have a rounded or slightly undermined form. Lightened or dark shades of papillomas are dependent on the pigment of the localization region. The papilloma in the throat has a thinned or thickened leg, with the help of which the growth is fed. The neoplasm developing on the mucous layers has an outer layer of epithelium, as well as an internal basis of the submucosal genus. A single growth is similar in appearance to a pea, while their cluster resembles a cauliflower bunch.
Papillomatosis of the larynx, organs of the digestive system and respiratory passages is most often benign, that is, it is not capable of provoking a cancerous course. But doctors note a high risk of rebirth, when it is filled with oncogenic cells.
Treatment of a tumor often does not give any results. In this connection, the laryngeal papilloma must be removed by a specialist after it has been thoroughly studied and examined. Laryngeal papillomatosis in most cases occurs at the time of activation of HPV — an agent permanently residing in the body of each. In the passive state, it does not cause any harm. The viral agent contains special protective particles that are responsible for the systemic and local immune system.
Pain in the throat for an extended period of time often indicates HPV damage. Immunity decreases due to several reasons:
- acute respiratory process;
- inflammation in the nasopharynx;
- antibacterial drugs;
- lack of vitamins;
- alcohol and smoking abuse;
- non-compliance with sanitary regulations.
Viral infection that provokes laryngeal papillomatosis can be transmitted from an infected person to a healthy one during close contact. That is, you can become infected through sexual or domestic, through a kiss and birth canal. Pathology can develop with frequent inflammations of upper respiratory tract in children (tonsillitis, otitis media, pharyngitis and others). Also, papillomatosis of the larynx is very common in patients aged 20 — 40 years. At risk, those who are too prone to stressful situations lead a wrong lifestyle because of their addiction. Doctors outlined a number of indirect factors that can provoke viral activity. Check them below:
- Women taking contraceptives on a hormonal basis.
- Passive smoking.
- Exhaust gas contamination of air masses and emissions from production.
- Irregular care for the mouth and teeth.
- Hereditary symptoms.
- Age hormonal disruptions.
- Stressful situations.
It is possible to treat the pathology after the doctor conducts a full examination and identifies the cause of its development.
There are a lot of classifications of papilloma throat. Only at the time of examination, the doctor will be able to determine the type of tumor site and prescribe effective treatment.
Age classification implies the division of papillomas into:
- fetal appearance;
- adult — in men at the time of reducing the production of sex hormones;
- acquired sexually or by interacting with household items after an infected one;
According to the degree of growth, a limited type can be diagnosed, which occurs in certain areas of the laryngeal passage. A common species affects multiple sites. The obturating form violates the air masses through the respiratory passages. According to the general features and functioning, a compensatory degree may appear when the patient has difficulty breathing in and out with exhalation and hoarseness.
Decompression degree is characterized by shortness of breath, lack of oxygen, blue skin and cold sweat. During the third stage of papillomatosis, a complete cessation of the respiratory functions with loss of consciousness may occur, since doctors at such a period will diagnose widely developed asphyxia. Treatment of the disease depends on the course of its course. Most often it is necessary to remove papilloma in the throat.
According to the oncogenic properties of papilloma growth, it is accepted to subdivide into benign and malignant. Galls may occur on the mucous larynx, tongue or mouth. It happens that the tumor spreads to the region of the trachea or larynx. The danger of pathology lies in the fact that new formations can stop breathing passages, which makes it impossible for air masses to penetrate into the pulmonary bags. Treatment of this type of disease can only begin after a full examination.
Most often, papilloma on the mucous membrane begins to develop in the throat in the area of the tonsils or arches. Also, growths can develop on the walls and soft palate, and sometimes spread to the larynx and other organs.
The proliferation of papillomas in the larynx is most dangerous. Often, growths occur in areas of the vocal cords, thereby disrupting the patient’s speech. If the neoplasms are located near the respiratory passages, and their spread to the trachea can provoke a violation of the respiratory function. With a large presence of papillomas may begin asphyxia.
Treatment of the disease may include various methods, depending on a number of factors. The appearance of multiple pathogenic papillomas in the larynx in a baby can cause a number of dangerous consequences due to the reduction of the respiratory lumen. The crumbs can start suffocating attack, stopping the supply of oxygen to the brain, which will lead to death. Older patients rarely experience extensive proliferation of papillomas in the larynx.
Pappilomatosis of the advanced stage can spread to the upper esophagus. In this case, there is a blockage of space, which violates the ability to swallow food. Papilloma in throat benign can turn into a malignant tumor causing papilloma throat cancer. In addition, papillomas can appear in the nasal cavity. A small formation in the larynx most often does not have characteristic signs, only at the time of its growth the patient may have the following throat papilloma symptoms:
- Feeling of a foreign object in the throat or on the tonsils.
- Discomfort without any
- Swallowing dysfunction.
- Difficult respiratory process.
- Speech problems.
- The complete disappearance of the voice.
- Cough with the release of papilloma particles.
In childhood, growths can trigger disorders of both psychophysical development. Doctors diagnose endocrine disorders in children, chronic nasopharyngeal pathologies, impaired function of the nervous system.
Pathology can be diagnosed at once in several ways that will help not only to detect the presence of growths, but also their localization, size and degree of damage to the internal organs. Doctors distinguish such methods:
- examination of the patient with ENT using a laryngoscope;
- papilloma biopsy;
- histological examination of the tumor.
In addition, doctors in the laboratory should take blood for analysis of papillomatosis. To combat the pathology of the most effective complex therapy, which involves the removal of formations and the use of drugs.
The most suitable methods for the treatment of papilloma of the throat are determined by a qualified doctor. It is not recommended to start the course of throat papilloma treatment on your own. It is possible to remove the formation using a chemical way. A layer of acid, silver nitrate or lead salts and a solution with potassium permanganate is applied on the wart. This therapeutic method is contraindicated in young patients and those who have a heightened sensitivity to chemical components.
The radiotherapy method for eliminating papilloma growth is considered safer. No cuts or scars are left after it and it absolutely eliminates the occurrence of relapses after the elimination of papillomas. They can be surgically removed by using a scalpel, a laser machine, an electric current, ultrasonic disintegration, or liquid nitrogen. In the laryngeal region due to the inaccessibility of the most commonly laser is used to remove papillomas.
After the operation, the patient’s condition is normalized extremely quickly, and the crusts that appear at the site of the papilloma cuts disappear without additional intervention. Papillomas are removed without an incision in the skin, as they use a surgical mirror or laryngoscopy. In the esophagus, papillomatosis is removed with forceps. The elimination of extrahepatic tumors occurs by incision of the skin, subcutaneous areas, trachea. Tubes are applied through which the patient can breathe during the operation.
Papilloma in the throat is most often benign and does not obstruct the respiratory process and speech function. Doctors even recommend single papilloma growths to be removed, as there is always a risk of converting them into malignant ones. This can happen at the time of injury, with inaccurate cleaning of the dentition, or when swallowing solid spicy food.
Doctors categorically prohibit carrying out self-removal of papilloma tumors on the mucosa of any internal organ. With poor visibility it is impossible to completely remove the growth, which will lead to its accelerated growth into the laryngeal area or esophagus. Any trauma of papilloma is dangerous because the chances of its degeneration into a cancer tumor significantly increase.
Papillomas in babies are removed intragortally, while using local anesthesia. Therapy with antiviral and immunomodulatory drugs is indicated. The operation should be carried out by an experienced, highly qualified doctor, as there is a high probability of interruption of the respiratory functions during the operation.
Any attempt by parents to cauterize papilloma tumor can lead to irreversible consequences. It is allowed, in consultation with the doctor, to supplement the course with natural procedures that are aimed at removing papillomas.
Not a single therapeutic course, even a surgical one, can give an unconditional guarantee that papilloma does not reappear. To reduce the risk of possible relapses, it is necessary to change lifestyle in a coordinated manner. Patients are recommended to have proper nutrition with the rejection of harmful habits and regular exercise, to prevent the development of throat papillomatosis.