Papillomas in Dogs: Causes and Ways of Treatment

Papillomatosis in dogs is caused by dog papilloma virus, which in the course of their vital activity change the cells of the tissues, due to which papillomas are formed. The papilloma virus in dogs «loves» cells of the mucous membranes and skin, which is why papillomas in dogs more often appear on the lips, tongue, gums, cheeks, genitals, eyes. Infection occurs by contact of a sick animal with a healthy or through care items (ammunition, brushes, bowls, stove benches). That’s why owners of dogs should remember that a leash, a furminator, and a comb should be as individual as a toothbrush in a person.

Papillomas in dogs are recorded as often as in humans. But what are the reasons for their appearance? Are viral papilloma in dogs dangerous for the pet? How to get rid of them? What is more effective oral papilloma virus in dogs treatment: natural remedies to eliminate papillomas in dogs or traditional medicine? Below you will find answers to all these questions.



Which Factors Can Contribute to the Oral Papilloma Dog?

Many owners notice unusual growths on their pets, and papillomas on dogs scare them much. Papillomas look not very pleasant, but do not worry, because they are benign tumors and not all require treatment.  Skin papillomas dogs is a disease that can be transmitted from one animal to another. Outwardly, this growth is somewhat similar to cauliflower inflorescence. If this wart is injured, it will start to bleed. These neoplasms can grow either separately or one can notice several of them at once. Papillomas are dangerous only if they impede the process of eating food, because then the dog will eat badly and lose weight very much. In this case, dog viral papilloma treatment is a must.

Papilloma on dogs usually grows on sensitive places: nose, lips, gums, eyelids. Why do some dogs suffer from warts while others have none? This is probably due to the weakness or maturity of the animal’s immune system. Is there any scientifically identified predisposition to their occurrence? Certain breeds, as it turned out, have a genetic «dependency». These are cocker spaniels, pugs, miniature schnauzers and terriers.

In general, skin papillomas dog appear in spitz more often than in mastiff. This virus can appear in any dog with a weakened immune system, but most often it occurs in such breeds: schnauzer, cocker spaniels, terriers. As a rule, young and old dogs sufffer from papilloma dog more often. First, the immune system is still not working effectively. Secondly, it is no longer effective to cope with the microorganism. Immunity plays an important role in this pathology.

There are also other factors that influence whether a dog is sick or not; this is an individual predisposition, conditions of detention, feeding and others. Dog papillomatosis virus is not transmitted to people. The virus has a species specificity, which means that a sick dog cannot infect a person, or another animal, only other dogs. Papillomatosis is found in many types of mammals, including humans, however, people have a slightly different virus.


Symptoms and Course of the Disease

In domestic pets, papilloma warts in dogs are usually found on the face (skin papillomas) and in the mouth (mouth papillomas). In principle, their prevalence is a relative concept, since with a ab14785f-7f00-0001-1870-40f460b44a2c[1]high probability these formations can grow in any place. Papillomas in dogs look different: some look like reddish nodules, while others may resemble cauliflowers. Before papilloma removal dog, you can detect the beginning of the development of papilloma in a dog by the following symptoms:

  • on the lip, eyelid, gum, mouth, ear, or on the dog’s eye, a small papilloma has appeared and it continues to grow actively;
  • if untreated, the number of viral papillomas in dogs increases, they appear on the nose, in the mouth, on the eyelids;
  • at the first stage, one can see a squamous papilloma in dogs, the formation is round and smooth, as it develops, its surface becomes more friable;
  • in the later dog papilloma stages, the animal experiences discomfort, refuses to eat, as papillomas actively grow in the mouth.


How to Be Sure that Your Dog Has Papillomas: Distinctive Features

Before treating papillomas in your dog, look at the dog papilloma pictures and check how papillomas differ from other formations on the dog skin for you to know for sure how to get rid of them effectively:

  • «Bulging» on the skin, especially on the limbs and muzzle, in the mouth and around the eyes.
  • In some cases, the surface of papillomas can be very coarse, «branched», looking like growths resemble miniature cauliflower.
  • The surface can be smooth, the wart itself looks like a small nodule. Its color varies from crimson-red to black.
  • Often, the shade of dog viral papilloma depends on the dog’s coat color.
  • There are single papillomas, and they “prefer” the remote places on the body: the armpits, the groin area.
  • Sometimes, the whole «broods» of papilloma in dogs mouth are formed. Some of them remain small.
  • In other cases, there is an increase in neoplasm in size, sometimes new papillomas appear.
  • Sometimes the wart bleeds. If so, it is better to be alert: it is possible that the tumor is malignant. But you should not panic right away: dogs often comb them and even tear them off, so it may not be cancer.
  • The older the dog, the greater the likelihood that it will be found separate, «isolated» warts (especially on the legs, stomach) .

As you might guess, it is not difficult to understand that the pet has papillomas. They can be seen on the dog’s stomach, its paws and other parts of the body. But not always everything is so simple. For example, not all pet owners notice lesions of the vulva, with the exception of professional breeders who regularly inspect their pets. In any case, if you even occasionally bring your dog for an annual routine inspection to an experienced veterinary specialist, these tumors will not go unnoticed. In particular, they are even found in the mouth. This is due to the fact that when checking for tartar, a good veterinarian will certainly inspect the oral mucosa.

It is more difficult to find them in the case of long-haired breeds. Especially in the case when the dog is terribly afraid of the veterinarian and does not let him close. What areas need to pay special attention when examining your pet? Papillomas, as a rule, are found around the eyes and on the dog lip papilloma, gums and palate, often covering the dog’s limbs. Of course, it is not difficult to notice them. The only exceptions are interdigital papillomas in a dog.

If papillomas in dogs do not differ especially in cyclopean size and do not interfere strongly with the animal, their presence may remain a secret for a long time. In the case when spontaneous remission is noted, it is possible to guess the warts of the dog except on the scars between the fingers. «Advanced» diagnostic methods are rarely needed to confirm the presence of papillomas. Suspicious growth biopsy samples can be easily taken and provided to laboratories for detailed immunohistochemical examination, to identify a specific papillomavirus, or to exclude or confirm oncology. PCR is rarely used, it is also a polymerase chain reaction. With its help, not only viral papillomatosis in dogs is detected, but also a specific type of pathogen.

Are Dog Papillomas Dangerous for the Health of Your Pet?

Dog warts are usually painless and benign. But are they safe? Mouth warts can cause discomfort, drooling and bad breath. Depending on where they are located, the papillomas prevent the dog from normally seizing food, chewing and swallowing it (oral papilloma in dogs, for example). If they grow between the fingers, the animal can constantly lick and nibble at its paws, trying to get rid of the source of discomfort. This not only can cause severe enough bleeding, but also threatens with the development of secondary bacterial and fungal infections of the paw skin.

Papillomas are usually painless, and do not require medical treatment. Some owners want to remove papillomas from their dogs for cosmetic reasons, or in cases where they cause real discomfort in the animal. In general, this question is still open: yes, in most cases there is no harm from these benign neoplasms, but they can degenerate into malignant tumors (but this is very rare), dogs tear them off or gnaw, resulting in severe bleeding.

Is there any category of dogs that are recommended to remove papillomas? Yes, here is a risk group: young dogs, puppy papilloma, animals with weakened immunity and pets after 10 years — it is better for them to remove a new type of papilloma wart dog. Puppy papilloma virus should be treated immediately.


How to Treat and Remove Papillomas in Dogs: Most Effective Methods

What treatment of dog papilloma is used? At home, you can just tightly wrap papilloma with a thread under the root, after a few days the tumor will turn black and disappear. If the dog does not reach the papilloma with its tongue, you can gently lubricate it with juice of celandine. If there are many papillomas, or they are in the mouth, the veterinarian will prescribe novocaine injections of 0.5%, which is done within 3 days (the dosage is defined individually). Some doctors practice vaccination. To do this, papilloma dogs make a medicine that is administered to the animal twice with a break of 10 days. Puppy papilloma treatment should be prescribed by the vet as the drug doses should be adjusted for small puppies.

It is not recommended to remove papilloma dog mouth surgically, as this can provoke a more active growth of warts. In some veterinary clinics, dog papilloma treatment can be performed with the help of a laser, electricity or liquid nitrogen, but more often there is no need in such events.

a vet technician gets a patient ready for her shots


How Can You Prevent Papillomavirus in Your Dog?

At first glance, some types of diseases of domestic animals do not pose a particular danger to their life and health, being rather a cosmetic problem. Here, for example, papilloma in dogs: think, some kind of wart! But are they really so safe? Are papillomas a precursor to any more serious problems?If your pet has had papillomatosis, the probability of re-infection is very small, but still it is better to observe preventive measures:

  • strengthen and increase your animal’s immune system (long walks, good nutrition, vitamins) not to have skin papillomas in dogs;
  • if you notice a cutaneous papilloma dog, do not allow your pet to contact with it, as the oral papilloma virus in dogs is transmitted through direct contact;
  • inspect your pet regularly for growths because the easiest way to get rid of them is at an early stage of development.

If you follow the above-mentioned pieces of advice on papilloma dogs, you will be able to prevent the appearance of such unpleasant disease as papillomas in your pet. Hope that this information on papillomas in dogs mouth treatment will be useful for you to determine the presence of papillomas dogs on time and start fighting with them immediately if they cause discomfort and continue growing. Viral papilloma in dogs treatment for sure is required if your pet starts behaving as usual.



Автор: Brandith Irwin

Brandith Irwin is a board-ensured dermatologist and originator of Madison Skin and Laser Center in Seattle.

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